Environmental indicators

Indicator Disclosure
Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets
The Group has set GHG emission reduction targets in line with reaching net zero by 2050 and limiting global warming to 1.5 °C. Our GHG reduction targets (all against 2021 baseline) are:

  • 53% reduction in FLAG (forest, land and agriculture) emissions per tonne CPO by 2030; and 72% reduction in FLAG emissions per tonne CPO by 2050.
  • 28% reduction in industrial scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions by 2030; and 90% reduction in industrial scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions by 2050.
Methane capture
The Group had five mills in operation in 2022, of which four are equipped with methane capture facilities.
GHG calculation standards
We use the GHG accounting tools and guidance of the GHG Protocol and the guidelines of ISO 14064-1 to calculate Group emissions, incorporating scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions. We also calculate GHG emissions from our palm oil mills and associated estates using RSPO standard (PalmGHG calculator v4) and International Sustainability and Carbon Certification standard (ISCC EU 205 tool).
Scope 1 and 2 emissions
The Group’s scope 1 and 2 emissions for 2022 were 117,344 tCO2e (including energy consumption by our offices, palm oil estates and mills, emissions from POME, application of EFB and fertiliser, and excluding historical land-use change, emissions from peat, and carbon sequestration).
Scope 3 emissions
The Group’s scope 3 emissions for 2022 were 2,275,183 tCO2e (95% of Group emissions in 2022), including all applicable Scope 3 categories (12 of the 15 GHG Protocol Scope 3 categories are applicable to the business). Of our scope 3 emissions, 87% come from the further processing of the products that the Group sells (category 10).
Emissions from land-use change
Emissions from land-use change will be incorporated into our Group emissions once the GHG Protocol Land Sector and Removals Guidance has been finalised and published. For now, our emissions from land-use change are measured separately using RSPO GHG calculator. In 2022, historical land-use change accounted for the emissions of 319,465 tCO2e. Meanwhile, the oil palms in our plantations absorbed an estimated 367,494 tCO2e.
Reduction in GHG emissions
Absolute Group emissions reduced by 12% (from 2.7 million tCO2e in 2021 to 2.4 million tCO2e in 2022). The reduction is largely attributed to a decrease in the volume of FFB sent to external mills for processing. The Group’s total Scope 1 and 2 emissions reduced by 3.8% in 2022 (from 124,899 tCO2e in 2021 to 117,344 tCO2e in 2022). GHG emissions intensity from our mills and associated estates reduced by 3% from 2.63 tCO2e per tonne CPO in 2021 to 2.55 tCO2e per tonne CPO in 2022 (RSPO PalmGHG calculator).

All information is for year ended December 2022

Group GHG emissions
Scope1 Units 2022 2021
Scope 1 (direct) tCO2e 116,829 124,520
Scope 2 (indirect) tCO2e 515 379
Scope 3 (indirect) tCO2e 2,275,183 2,594,416
Total tCO2e 2,392,527 2,719,315

1Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3 emissions (CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions) are calculated using guidance of the GHG Protocol applying the operational control approach.

Group scope 3 emissions
Category Units 2022 2021
1. Purchased goods and services tCO2e 173,597 159,772
2. Capital goods tCO2e 4,088 2,521
3. Fuel-related emissions tCO2e 4,081 4,207
4. Upstream transportation and distribution tCO2e 15,787 7,869
5. Waste generated in operations tCO2e 1,955 1,472
6. Business travel tCO2e 783 962
7. Employee commuting tCO2e 4,947 4,126
8. Upstream leased assets tCO2e N/A N/A
9. Downstream transportation and distribution tCO2e 13,246 28,034
10. Processing of sold products tCO2e 1,980,520 2,321,314
11. Use of sold products tCO2e 32,868 26,936
12. End-of-life treatment of sold products tCO2e 39,536 33,361
13. Downstream leased assets tCO2e N/A N/A
14. Franchises tCO2e N/A N/A
15. Investments tCO2e 3,775 3,843
Emissions from palm oil mills and associated estates 2022 (PalmGHG)2
Sources of emissions Units
Third party tCO2e 578,970
Land conversion tCO2e 319,465
Peat oxidation tCO2e 240,688
POME tCO2e 89,128
CO2 emissions from peat tCO2e 32,999
CO2 emissions from fertiliser tCO2e 23,043
N2O emissions from fertiliser tCO2e 21,602
Fuel consumption tCO2e 8,327
Export of excess electricity to housing and grid tCO2e -19,214
Sale of PKS tCO2e 0
Sale of EFB tCO2e 0
Emission sinks
Crop sequestration tCO2e -367,494
Sequestration in conservation area tCO2e -10,501
Absolute emissions
tCO2e 1,314,222
Net emissions
tCO2e 917,014

2RSPO PalmGHG calculator

Further information:

Indicator Disclosure
Zero deforestation and no conversion of natural ecosystems
The Group is committed to ensuring that the palm oil we produce does not cause or contribute to the conversion of forests or any other natural ecosystems (including peatland, riparian ecosystems, and wetlands). We adopt RSPO criteria, meaning that since 2005, oil palm is not grown on land with undisturbed forest or areas required to protect or enhance HCVs, and any new planting since November 2018 does not damage High Carbon Stock (HCS) forest, or peatland of any depth. The same criteria applies to our suppliers. Any deforestation or conversion after November 2018 in our own operations or in our supply chain will be deemed as being non-compliant with our policy.
Biodiversity commitments and targets
The Group commits to restore, maintain, and enhance biodiversity in the areas where it operates, including in areas of plantations and conservation areas. Where appropriate, we will contribute to protect biodiversity in the surrounding landscape and seek to engage in a landscape program to support this effort.

We are committed to:

  • Monitor species diversity in our concessions and understand the impact of our operations on biodiversity.
  • Take measures to address drivers of biodiversity loss and enhance biodiversity within conservation set aside areas, in areas of our estates, and where appropriate beyond the boundaries of our concessions. This includes habitat enrichment in areas of estates to increase the diversity of natural vegetation in areas of estates and improve connectivity between conservation areas.
  • Prevent illegal hunting or collecting in plantations and conservation areas.
  • Manage pests, diseases, weeds and invasive non-native species using appropriate integrated pest management (IPM) techniques.
  • Develop measures to resolve human-wildlife conflicts.
  • Promote awareness of biodiversity and conservation issues among our employees, suppliers, contractors, and with the local communities that live around our concessions.

Our timebound targets are to:

  • Have a comprehensive biodiversity monitoring program in place by 2025.
  • Restore 450 ha of riparian ecosystem by 2030.
  • Achieve a positive impact on biodiversity by 2030.
Area set aside for conservation
The area in our concessions set aside for conservation has increased from 3,300 Ha in 2019 to 4,777 Ha in 2022.
IUCN Redlist species
The Group engages with provincial universities or local consultants to survey the presence of rare, threatened, and endangered species (against widely used systems of classifications such as the IUCN Red List, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (“CITES”) Appendices and the national protected species lists).
Ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation
The Group is committed to suitably address any losses of HCV, forest or other natural ecosystems by rehabilitation, restoration or compensation. We are currently undertaking forest restoration projects at our concessions in Bangka and South Sumatra.

All information is for year ended December 2022

Indicator Units 2022 2021
Conservation area Hectares 4,777 4,056
IUCN Red List Species by category
Least concern Number 512 582
Near threatened Number 66 74
Vulnerable Number 44 45
Endangered Number 18 14
Critically endangered Number 6 2
Further information:

Indicator Disclosure
Zero-burning policy
The Group enforces a zero-burning policy of no open burnings and no use of fire for the clearing of land or as a method for domestic waste disposal in all concessions. The same commitment is extended to our suppliers.
Fire preparedness, monitoring and response procedures
The Group continues to invest in and maintain adequate firefighting capacity at locations that are at risk of fires. We operate a fire watch from watch towers on all our estates and promptly investigate hotspots that are identified within and around Group companies’ concessions by satellite monitoring systems. A report is made to the RSPO and, where evidence of fire is found, if appropriate, to the police.
Occurrence of hotspots and fires in and around concessions
There were no fires inside concession areas in 2022. Satellite monitoring detected 19 hotspots in and around company boundaries in 2022, a considerable increase from the four hotspots detected in 2021. Ground verification confirmed eight fires (seven in Musi Rawas, South Sumatra and one in Kutai Timur, East Kalimantan). All cases of fires were outside of company boundaries and the cause of each fire was deliberate burning by landowners from local communities to clear the land that they own. All fires were reported to RSPO and relevant authorities.

All information is for year ended December 2022

Indicator Units 2022 2021
Hotspots detected inside concession boundaries Number 4 1
Hotspots detected outside concession boundaries Number 15 3
Fires occurring inside concession boundaries Number 0 0
Fires occurring outside concession boundaries Number 8 2
Further information:

Indicator Disclosure
No new planting on peat
The Group adopts RSPO criteria meaning that since November 2018, we do not allow any new development on peat regardless of depth. The same commitment applies to our suppliers.
Management of cultivated peatland
The Group acknowledges that there is a small proportion of its planted area developed on peat prior to the introduction of a no planting on peat policy. Where we have oil palm on peat, we use best management practices as per RSPO guidelines to manage and monitor water levels and measure soil subsidence. This commitment to best management practices for soils and peat also applies to our suppliers.
Fertiliser and composting
Compost is produced from the organic waste from our mills and is applied to cultivated land to assist in improving soil quality, and consequential crop yields.
Integrated pest management
The Group manages pests, diseases, weeds and invasive non-native species using appropriate integrated pest management (IPM) techniques, so that any use of pesticide is minimised or eliminated where possible. The Group prohibits the use of paraquat and we are reducing and phasing out the use of other pesticides in favour of safe and cost-effective alternatives. We ensure that our workers are sufficiently trained and equipped for the safe handling of pesticides and undergo regular medical check-ups.

All information is for year ended December 2022

Indicator Units 2022 2021
Compost Tonnes per hectare 4.77 5.65
Inorganic fertiliser Tonnes per hectare 0.89 0.88
Herbicide Litres per hectare 1.46 1.58
Pesticides Litres per hectare 1.23 0.67
Area of oil palm on peat Ha 4,637 4,637

Indicator Disclosure
Water use intensity
In 2022, we achieved our target of limiting water use by our mills to less than 1.1.m3 water per tonne FFB. We continue to promote rainwater harvesting in housing that we provide to employees and workers as a way to reduce domestic water use.
Water quality
The Group is committed to protect the water quality of water courses and natural water bodies in concession areas. Effluent is never discharged into rivers or watercourses and any water discharged by the group is kept well below the statutory threshold for biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Biogas facilities and Composting systems are in place to utilise mill effluent.
Riparian reserves
The Group complies with applicable national regulations for riparian management and follows the RSPO Manual on Best Management Practices for the Management and Rehabilitation of Riparian Reserves. We are committed to ensure the existence of riparian reserves and promote the growth and conservation of natural vegetation alongside all water courses and water bodies in concession areas.
PROPER is a program of the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) to promote good environmental management. In 2022, one of our mills (Bumi Permai mill) achieved the Green category PROPER award while three other mills (Pangkatan, Tengkalat and Rahayu) secured blue status.

All information is for year ended December 2022

Indicator Units 2022 2021
Mill water use m3 per tonne ffb processed 1.0 1.2
Pollution complaints Number 0 0
PROPER status1
Pangkatan mill Status Blue Blue
Tengkalat mill Status Blue Blue
Bumi Permai mill Status Green Blue
Rahayu mill Status Blue N/A

1The Program for Pollution Control, Evaluation and Rating (PROPER) is a scheme by the Ministry of Environment in Indonesia Government of Indonesia to promote compliance with environmental regulations. A color-coded rating (from black to gold) serves as an indicator of environmental performance, including emissions reduction, responsible waste management and pollution control.

M.P. Evans Logo
Map and locations

See where our plantations are located in Indonesia.

Learn moreLearn more
M.P. Evans Logo

See details of our Group board and senior management.

Learn moreLearn more
M.P. Evans Logo

Our principal activity is the production of certified sustainable crude palm oil.

Learn moreLearn more
M.P. Evans Logo
Email alerts

If you would like to have email alerts sent to you by M.P. Evans then please register and provide us with the required details.

Learn moreLearn more